As an unmarried woman, I don't cover my hair, and this means I don't know as much as I could about this subject.
Think of this post like the "Halacha in a Nutshell" series: just enough to give you a good overview and help you to not look dumb in casual conversation!
Sheitel: Sheitel means wig in Yiddish. A sheitel may be paired with another type of hair covering, which gets pretty confusing when you're learning about how much hair should be covered. (Because then you see women who have covered all of their hair, but look like they are only partially covering.) There are two types of sheitels:
- Full sheitel: A full wig. The woman's hair is entirely covered.
- Fall: This is a half-wig. You can tell when someone is wearing a fall because there will be a large headband of some kind. The bangs and maybe some more of the woman's hair may be exposed, but the rest of the hair will be a wig. Example 1, Example 2, Example 3, Example 4.
Tichel: These are scarves that are very popular in Israel and have really gained in popularity in the United States. I'm always particularly impressed with the Kvetching Editor's skill with tichels, based on the random "this is what I look like today" pictures she posts sometimes. It is unreasonably fun to watch YouTube videos about how to tie tichels (Example). The possibilities are endless! Example 1, Example 2, Example 3, Example 4, Example 5.
The "pirate" look: Just what it sounds like! A headscarf (that may also be a tichel) worn like a pirate :D Example 1, Example 2. The Jewish female world is divided into two groups: those who wear the pirate look and those who make fun of the pirate look.
Hats: This seems relatively self-explanatory. Here are a few common categories of hats in the orthodox community:
- The "lampshade" hat: It's a hat that just happens to resemble a lampshade. Some people make fun of them, but this style is incredibly common. Example.
- The newsboy cap: Example 1, Example 2, Example 3, Example 4.
- The beret: It's what you think it is! Example 1, Example 2, Example 3, Example 4 (with all hair-maybe not bangs- actually underneath the cap), Example 5.
The chaponne: These are also known as beanies and toboggans. There is a greater variety than you think! Example 1, Example 2 (note the overlap with the newsboy cap), Example 3, Example 4 (note the overlap with the newsboy cap), Example 5.
Snood: I'm not sure how to describe a snood, so here are examples. Example 1, Example 2, Example 3 (this is the extremely common look), Example 4, Example 5, Example 6. Don't get confused by the snood scarf (and here)! Here is a video about wearing snoods.
Turban: Every so often you see one, but it's usually accompanied by a frumpy Shabbos robe and a bad stereotype :P Example.